Scientific Revolution in India: A Retrospective View through Historical, Social and Political angle

first_imgOne of the main obstacles to the research and scientific development in our country was superstitious society. Today much such credulity still exists in our society and the paradox is that the rocket science or the nuclear power could not mop the darkness of ignorance up from the masses. The Chandrayan may infuse a few minds but the moonlight could not illuminate the yards of the ordinary people.  The reach of science is fathomless, but science as a subject and moreover as virtue could not ignite the maximum minds. A new thrust is required in society so as to grow scientific tempered minds among people, and this trust must be given from childhood. The more people become open to science, the more the nation will go further. Since our independence, almost three generations have passed through the annals. But unfortunately, lion’s shares of the people still carry the darkened mind.  The reasons would not be palatable for many those who are holding the steering of the authority.  India as a land of diversified cultures and knowledge gradually trailed not because of old or ancient but more for our modern people who loved politics more than the progress of the country. Ajit Doval, the chief security in-charge of our country, once told that our country was defeated by our own people. After independence, there should have been more investment in science and technology, research and education. Concentrated investment in education, science and technology and research centralized and benefitted limited areas and people. The tradition to carry coal to the New Castle continued and there was a plethora of growth, but not development. Alas! All growths are not development. The reasons are many and not inexplicable.  If today a snake-bitten person is taken to a charmer, or a mother in village refuses polio drops for her baby, or a man’s shadow, if cast on some yard, and considered omen because he is low born, it is the defeat of ours, the science. The government needs more strategic plans to disseminate scientific awareness among people pedagogy and andragogy.Let me start with one of the best beginnings of a novel, my intention is to relate the past of Indian culture and ethos, which the modern Indians could not uphold the pride and while writing this essay I felt somewhat close to the situation, though in a different perspective, what Charles Dickens thought while writing the A Tale of Two Cities, and our political leaders lost the pride in their political prejudices.“It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of light, it was the season of darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair.”India has progressed a lot in many fields, especially in science and technology but not to be smug. We have become successful to use natural resources judiciously, unlike previous days, and taped the energy in prudence.  Food productivity has been increased in quantum, medical science has been able to cure many diseases and invent medicines and surgery erstwhile considered impossible and that too with less or no pain and bleeding. The continual flow of electricity has been possible due to usage of advanced technology.  Transport and communication have been much faster than ever before.  Credit definitely goes to our scientists and engineers.  These have been possible due to continuously striving for excellence.  Yet when we look back at the social and historical background of the human race, we look back in anger.  India is found much behind in many sectors.The amputation left us socked for many years. And we sill after 73 years of Independence we blame at the British.  We learn by rote and say blatantly that the British ruled us over two hundred years.  We call us and others too, a developing country.  How many years are needed to be a developed country?  Whatever we have achieved today, less or more, is not the question, the question is why not more and at the earliest?  Still today in the twenty-first century unscientific ways of agriculture is practised; the farmers burn the buts of the hay after harvesting.  There is an unequal distribution of irrigation. People still cut the trees for their fuel, two states fight over distribution of waters, the Supreme Court remains an onlooker, rationing becomes the tool of voting, Arunachal Pradesh gets trains after seventy years of independence, wild animals get run over by trains and two government brawl and try-catch fish in troubled water.  A particular area every year sufferers and remains in spate, and there is always political issues and disputes, mostly created by the political leaders, and never get permanent embankment. Such unending stream of issues will hint on one thing that is lack of honest intention of the rulers and ill-motivated politics.Let us now a categorically account for India’s so far development in science and technology.  After more than seventy years of independence the numbers of scientific institutions (major) are 216 under these categories:-Agricultural Science—66Biological and Medical Science—60Chemical Science—09Physical Science and Mathematics —16Earth Science –16Engineering Sciences—23Material, Minerals and Metallurgy—09Multidisciplinary and Other Areas —17Total of 216These are centrally funded and called to be premier institutions.  Apart from that states funded institutions are there but they are either tottering or not in the list of choice by the students because of their decadent situation. Why such snail pace was there in establishing institutions, that is almost three institutions per year.  If more efforts and money would have been spent, in compare to elections, and other expenditure, more brains, more intelligence, more merits could have been cultivated. India, one of the most ancient civilizations, one of the most educated religions, has a very wretched picture of scientific temperament.We had everything, we had wealth, and we had merits but unfortunately due to a surprising lackadaisical attitude Indians, as a whole, could not come together in exchanging knowledge and education.  India once was common land, from Kashmir to Kanyakumarika, united by different Kings and Emperors, from Chola Dynasty to Satvahana, from Ashoka to Chandragupta Maurya, and the sixteen Mahajanapada of ancient India, now separated by religions, caste, creed and languages. We were never religious fanatics that remained submerged in the abysmal depth of ignorance; neither were we a race who wandered from place to place. Indian (Hindus) were a stable race and the stability gave birth to the two world-famous epics, in which our ancestors imagined advanced weapons like Sudarshana Chakra (the beautiful wheel, the primary weapon of Lord Krishna), the vehicle Pushpaka Vimana (a flying vehicle) thought much before Wright brothers, and fourth dimension as a cycle of life and death much before H.G.Wells. Why these brilliant ideas were not put into trials by our scientists and government? Sheer lack of professionalisms, innovative ideas, and torpor confined them in a continuous fight over politics and power.  I shall come to the main point of this essay and reason to stop further explanation is pocas palabras.last_img