Study Suggests the Existence of Ferroelectric Ice in the Universe

first_imgThis figure shows the molecular structures of ice XI and ice Ih and plots their existence in the solar system as a function of temperature and distance from the sun. Blue circles correspond to oxygen atoms and red circles are protons (i.e. hydrogen atoms). The area below the red line (which corresponds to a temperature of 72K) is where ice XI exists as a stable form in the solar system. E, M, J, S, U, N, and P indicate Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto, respectively. Various forms of ice have been found in many locations within the frigid reaches of our galaxy, from interstellar clouds to comets, moons, and planets. But a particularly intriguing and rare type, “ferroelectric” ice – ice crystallized so perfectly that it can sustain a giant electric field – has never been detected by astronomers. Revealing ‘hidden’ phases of matter through the power of light Explore further Citation: Study Suggests the Existence of Ferroelectric Ice in the Universe (2006, November 27) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2006-11-ferroelectric-ice-universe.html A recent study, however, has produced evidence that ferroelectric ice, also known as ice XI, likely does exist out there. Performed by a team of scientists from the U.S. and Japan, the study revealed a very narrow range of temperatures in which “normal” ice can transform into ice XI in nature. The research was led by Hiroshi Fukazawa, a scientist at the Japan Atomic Energy Agency.Normal ice, which forms all natural snow and ice on Earth, is known to scientists as “ice Ih,” where the ‘h’ stands for hexagonal, the shape of the molecular crystal. In ice Ih, the bonds between the hydrogen and oxygen atoms are oriented randomly, resulting in a crystal that looks fairly messy. At very low temperatures, however, the bonds begin to line up and point in the same direction; high pressure enhances this ordering effect. As a result, the tiny electric fields naturally carried by each water molecule add up to produce one large field.“Whether ferroelectric ice exists in a stable form at low temperatures is a question that has long fascinated researchers,” said Jaime Fernandez-Baca, one of the scientists involved in the study, to PhysOrg.com. Fernandez-Baca is a senior researcher at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Tennessee. “It has been proposed, for example, that the enormous, spontaneous electric fields that this type of ice can generate could play an important role in planetary formation.”Added Fukazawa, “Ferroelectric ice may also play an important role in chemical evolution, including the formation of prebiotic organic materials in the universe.”The group wanted to learn more about the conditions required for the formation of ferroelectric ice. They created a sample of ice that contained a carefully measured amount of an impurity compound, which alters the crystal slightly and thus assists the ice XI conversion process. At ORNL’s High Flux Isotope Reactor, the ice was cooled gradually as it was bombarded with neutrons. In this technique, called neutron diffraction, neutrons enter a sample, scatter away from its atoms and, when they exit the sample, are recorded by a detector as a scattering pattern. Analyzing the pattern reveals valuable information about the arrangement of atoms in the sample.Using this method the group “saw” that ice XI formed over the course of several hundred hours, and its structure remained stable in the narrow temperature range of 57-66K. “This is the temperature range at the surfaces of the outer planetary bodies in the solar system – Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto, their satellites and rings, as well as the rings and some moons of Saturn, ” said Fernandez-Baca.“Without adding the impurity compound, it would take 10,000 years for normal ice to transform into ice XI,” he added. “While this time scale is much longer than what can be measured in a laboratory, it is not too long in the astronomical time scale.”Citation: H. Fukazawa, A. Hoshikawa, Y. Ishii, B.C. Chakoumakos, and J.A. Fernandez-Baca, “Existence of Ferroelectric Ice in the Universe.” The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 652, L57-L60 (2006)By Laura Mgrdichian, Copyright 2006 PhysOrg.com This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

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Smart traffic lights reduce fuel usage and lower emissions

first_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: Smart traffic lights reduce fuel usage and lower emissions (2010, October 27) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-10-smart-traffics-fuel-usage-emissions.html Explore further — SAE.org– IBM wants traffic lights to stop your carVia: GreenCarReports Denso Corp has proposed a system that uses short-range wireless transmitters in cars and elements of the road infrastructure. This would give traffic lights more information about upcoming vehicles and could change dynamically based on their speed, vehicle type, and relative volume of approaching vehicles. This would inform a stoplight of approaching vehicles and delay the change long enough to let them pass.Denso has taken this proposed system one step further so that an intersection can achieve optimum flow of traffic. They have gone beyond the current signal-control algorithms, that employs averages of traffic flow, in order to adjust cycle times and light extensions to achieve the optimum traffic flow for any given set of approaching vehicles.Denso Corp has been successfully implementing and testing both pre-empting red lights and extending green lights by using vehicle equipped transmitters and receivers in traffic lights at its Vista, California, research facility. Smart traffic light system at intersection. Credit Denso Corp. (PhysOrg.com) — Denso Corp. has designed the next version of ‘the smart traffic light system’. By using messaging between vehicles and the traffic-light controller, better decisions about when to change signaling will help to maximize overall vehicle throughput at an intersection. IBM wants traffic lights to stop your car © 2010 PhysOrg.com Today’s traffic light system collects sensor data from a loop of wire in the roadway to determine when the light should change. The car-sensing light stays green in one direction until a car wants to enter the intersection from the cross street. By reducing the time vehicles idle at a red light helps cut down on their emissions and fuel consumption. More information:last_img read more

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Two inflated hotJupiter planets discovered around distant stars

first_img Citation: Two inflated ‘hot-Jupiter’ planets discovered around distant stars (2016, July 12) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-07-inflated-hot-jupiter-planets-distant-stars.html Explore further More information: Discovery of WASP-113b and WASP-114b, two inflated hot-Jupiters with contrasting densities, arXiv:1607.02341 [astro-ph.EP] arxiv.org/abs/1607.02341AbstractWe present the discovery and characterisation of the exoplanets WASP-113b and WASP-114b by the WASP survey, {it SOPHIE} and {it CORALIE}. The planetary nature of the systems was established by performing follow-up photometric and spectroscopic observations. The follow-up data were combined with the WASP-photometry and analysed with an MCMC code to obtain system parameters. The host stars WASP-113 and WASP-114 are very similar. They are both early G-type stars with an effective temperature of ∼5900K, [Fe/H]∼0.12 and Teff ∼4.1dex. However, WASP-113 is older than WASP-114. Although the planetary companions have similar radii, WASP-114b is almost 4 times heavier than WASP-113b. WASP-113b has a mass of 0.48 MJup and an orbital period of ∼4.5days; WASP-114b has a mass of 1.77 MJup and an orbital period of ∼1.5days. Both planets have inflated radii, in particular WASP-113 with a radius anomaly of R=0.35. The high scale height of WASP-113b (∼950 km ) makes it a good target for follow-up atmospheric observations. © 2016 Phys.org An international team of researchers, led by Susana Barros of the University of Porto in Portugal, found the alien worlds by utilizing an array of eight robotic cameras at the Roque de los Muchachos Observatory in La Palma, Canary Islands. The observations were conducted under the Super Wide Angle Search for Planets (SuperWASP) program, which is the leading ground-based transit survey, having discovered more than 150 exoplanets to date. The scientists also used the SOPHIE spectrograph on the 1.93m telescope of the Haute-Provence Observatory in France and the CORALIE spectrograph mounted on the 1.2m Swiss Euler telescope in La Silla, Chile, to carry out follow-up spectrographic observations of the two stars named WASP-113 and WASP-114. These follow-up studies allowed the team to obtain physical characteristics of the newly detected planetary systems.According to the paper, WASP-113b and WASP-114b are larger in size than Jupiter, with an inflated radius of about 1.4 and 1.3 Jupiter radii respectively. However, although they are both similar in size, WASP-113b is less than half Jupiter’s mass while WASP-114b has almost twice the mass of Jupiter. Therefore, WASP-114b is 4.2 times more dense than WASP-113b.The researchers emphasized that their computations indicated that the radii of these planets should be smaller. They estimated a radius of 1.05 Jupiter radii for WASP-113b and a radius of approximately 1.15 Jupiter radii for WASP-114b. Thus, the confirmed larger radius and a density lower than that of our solar system’s biggest planet, suggest that the newly found worlds are inflated gas giants. “Assuming the coreless models we estimated a radius of 1.05 Rjup for WASP-113b and 1.15 Rjup for WASP-114b. Both these predicted radii are more than 2 σ smaller than the radii measured for the planets in our analysis. Hence, we conclude that the planets are inflated,” the researchers wrote in the paper.Researchers widely debate the cause of the inflation process in gas giant planets. It could be due to tidal heating, kinetic heating, enhanced atmospheric opacities and ohmic dissipation.The study also reveals that both exoworlds belong to the “hot Jupiter” family of planets. The so-called “hot Jupiters” are gas giant planets, similar in characteristics to the solar system’s biggest planet, with orbital periods of less than 10 days. They have high surface temperatures as they orbit their parent stars very closely. According to the research, WASP-113b has an orbital period of 4.54 days and a surface temperature of about 1,500 K, while WASP-114b orbits its parent star every 1.55 days and has a temperature of approximately 2,040 K.The team hopes that future observations of these planets could shed light on the radius anomaly and on the atmospheric composition of these planets.”The large scale-height of WASP-113b, and its relatively bright host star, makes it a good target for transmission spectroscopy observations to probe its atmospheric composition. The scale height of WASP-114b is smaller and combined with its fainter host star would make atmospheric studies more challenging,” the researchers concluded. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. (Phys.org)—Astronomers have detected two new “hot Jupiters” with a radius larger than they should have. Designated WASP-113b and WASP-114b, these exoplanets orbit their host stars located some 1,170 and 1,500 light years away respectively. A July 8 paper detailing the finding appeared on the arXiv pre-print server. SuperWASP phase folded light curve for WASP-113 (top) and WASP-114 (bottom). The best transit model described in detail in section 4 is overplotted. The data of WASP-114 was displaced vertically for clarity. Credit: arXiv:1607.02341 [astro-ph.EP] Astronomers discover seven new giant exoplanetslast_img read more

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Astronomers discover 16 new highredshift quasars

first_img Explore further High-redshift quasars (at redshift higher than 5.0) are very difficult to find using conventional color selections. This is due to their low spatial density and high contaminants from cool dwarfs. Among more than 300,000 quasars discovered to date, only 290 of them are at redshift higher than 5.0. The scientific community is especially interested in high-redshift quasars at redshift between 5.3 and 5.7, due to their optical colors, which are similar to those of late-type stars. Only about 30 such objects have been found so far.With the aim of filling this gap of known quasars at redshift ranging from 5.3 to 5.7, a team of astronomers led by Jinyi Yang of the Peking University in Beijing, China, has developed a new optical/infrared color selection technique. The method is based on optical, near-infrared and mid-infrared photometric data from Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), UKIRT InfraRed Deep Sky Surveys – Large Area Survey (ULAS), VISTA Hemisphere Survey (VHS) and NASA’s Wide field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE).The method has proved its worth as the researchers were able to find 16 new luminous, high-redshift quasars at redshift within the desired range. The observations were carried out between October 2014 and November 2015.”In this paper, we report initial results from a new search that focuses on the selection of z ~ 5.5 quasars,” the team wrote.Among the newly discovered quasi-stellar objects, J113414.23+082853.3 is the one with the highest redshift – at 5.69. This quasar also showcases strong Lyman-alpha emission and strong intergalactic medium absorption blueward of Lyman-alpha line.Another interesting new quasar found by the researchers is J152712.86+064121.9 (at 5.57). It is a weak line quasar with a very weak Lyman-alpha emission line and no other obvious emission features. However, the team revealed that its redshift was measured by matching the continuum to template; thus, its redshift uncertainty is a little larger than others.The scientists underline the importance of their research, noting that it could help us better understand the evolution of quasars at redshift from 5.0 to 6.0, over the post-reionization epoch.”The physical conditions of the post-reionization intergalactic medium, at z ~ 5-6, provides the basic boundary conditions of models of reionization, such as the evolution of intergalactic temperature, photon mean free path, metallicity and the impact of helium reionization. They place strong constraints on reionization topology as well as on the sources of reionization and chemical feedback by early galaxy population,” the paper reads.The team now plans to publish another paper in which a broader sample of high-redshift quasars will be presented. This study will also include the data from the UKIRT Hemisphere Survey (UHS), Pan-STARRS PS1 Survey and the VLT Survey Telescope (VST) ATLAS. (Phys.org)—Using a new color selection technique, astronomers have detected 16 new luminous, high-redshift quasars. The discovery could be very important for understanding of the early universe, as such high-redshift, quasi-stellar objects provide essential clues on the evolution of the intergalactic medium, quasar evolution and early super-massive black hole growth. The findings were presented in a paper published Mar. 10 on the arXiv pre-print repository. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: Astronomers discover 16 new high-redshift quasars (2017, March 14) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-03-astronomers-high-redshift-quasars.html © 2017 Phys.org High-redshift quasar discovered by Pan-STARRS More information: Discovery of 16 New z ~ 5.5 Quasars : Filling in the Redshift Gap of Quasar Color Selection, arXiv:1703.03526 [astro-ph.GA] arxiv.org/abs/1703.03526AbstractWe present initial results from the first systematic survey of luminous z∼5.5 quasars. Quasars at z∼ 5.5, the post-reionization epoch, are crucial tools to explore the evolution of intergalactic medium, quasar evolution and the early super-massive black hole growth. However, it has been very challenging to select quasars at redshifts 5.3 ≤z≤ 5.7 using conventional color selections, due to their similar optical colors to late-type stars, especially M dwarfs, resulting in a glaring redshift gap in quasar redshift distributions. We develop a new selection technique for z∼ 5.5 quasars based on optical, near-IR and mid-IR photometric data from Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), UKIRT InfraRed Deep Sky Surveys – Large Area Survey (ULAS), VISTA Hemisphere Survey (VHS) and Wide field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE). From our pilot observations in SDSS-ULAS/VHS area, we have discovered 15 new quasars at 5.3 ≤z≤ 5.7 and 6 new lower redshift quasars, with SDSS z band magnitude brighter than 20.5. Including other two z∼ 5.5 quasars already published in our previous work, we now construct an uniform quasar sample at 5.3 ≤z≤ 5.7 with 17 quasars in a ∼ 4800 square degree survey area. For further application in a larger survey area, we apply our selection pipeline to do a test selection by using the new wide field J band photometric data from a preliminary version of the UKIRT Hemisphere Survey (UHS). We successfully discover the first UHS selected z∼ 5.5 quasar. The color track of quasar at z = 5 to 6 (red dots and line) with a step of ∆z = 0.1, generated by calculating the mean colors of simulated quasars at each redshift bin. The contours show the locus of M dwarfs, from early type to late type. The cyan contours denote M1-M3 dwarfs, the orange contours denote M4-M6 dwarfs and the purple contours denote M7-M9 dwarfs. Clearly, z ∼ 5.5 quasars are serious contaminated by late type M dwarfs. Credit: Yang et al., 2017.last_img read more

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27millionyearold ice core pulled from Antarctica

first_img Journal information: Science This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2017 Phys.org A team of researchers from Princeton University, the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, the University of Maine and Oregon State University has drilled and retrieved a 2.7-million-year-old ice core from a spot in Antarctica. The team presented their findings at this year’s Goldschmidt Conference in Paris. Explore further Ice cores store atmospheric bubbles from a million years agocenter_img Until recently, scientists believed that ice core samples taken from either pole had an age limit of approximately 800,000 years—this was because ice at the bottom melted due to heat from inside the Earth. But a team at Princeton discovered a few year ago that another type of ice could hold much older ice known as blue ice. It forms on glaciers due to snowfall which, over time, becomes compressed, squeezing out air bubbles, making the ice look blue. But it also has another characteristic—over time, the ice at the bottom is pushed upwards, protecting it from melting. In this new effort, the team drilled at a site called the Allan Hills, near McMurdo Station.Ice cores taken from glaciers present problems because they are more difficult to date—cores from other places are dated by counting their layers. The older ice, it was found, could be dated by studying trace amounts of potassium and argon—though not as precise as layer counting, the researchers believe it is accurate to within 100,000 years. One of the first teams to take a core sample from the older ice drilled to a depth of 128 meters. In this latest effort, the team drilled to 205 meters and found ice that was nearly twice as old.Ice cores are important because they contain very small air bubbles that are samples of atmospheric conditions. Air bubbles from 2.7 million years ago offer evidence of climactic conditions during the time before the ice ages began, perhaps offering clues as to why they occurred. Already, the team has found that atmospheric carbon dioxide levels were at approximately 300 ppm, which is considerably lower than today’s 400 ppm. But the team notes that the core sample represents something perhaps even more exciting—the possibility of finding core samples that are much older, perhaps as old as 5 million years. Citation: 2.7-million-year-old ice core pulled from Antarctica (2017, August 21) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-08-million-year-old-ice-core-antarctica.html Credit: CC0 Public Domain More information: Paul Voosen. 2.7-million-year-old ice opens window on past, Science (2017). DOI: 10.1126/science.357.6352.630last_img read more

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Does a dark triad of personality traits make you more successful

first_imgCompanies have gotten in on the action, too. In 2016, a U.K. firm advertised for a “Psychopathic New Business Media Sales Executive Superstar! £50k – £110k.” The advert claimed one in five CEOs were psychopaths, and said it wanted to find someone with “the positive qualities that psychopaths have.” To capture all three, studies using the dark triad ask people to agree or disagree with statements such as “I have been compared to famous people” or “It’s not wise to tell your secrets.” But critics are starting to push back. In a new study, scientists argue such work is often superficial, statistically weak, and presents an overly simplistic view of human nature. Worse, they say it could have harmful implications in the real world by downplaying the damage dark personalities can cause. The dark side of human personality has long fascinated the public and psychologists alike. Research has linked unpleasant traits such as selfishness and a lack of empathy to a higher income and better odds of landing a date. Some studies have then tried to link a volunteer’s dark triad score with real-world metrics, such as salary, sexual behavior, and attitude toward co-workers. Many of these papers have been picked up by the press, with such headlines as “Why a little evil is good” and “Republicans have more psychopathic traits than Democrats.”center_img The criticism focuses on research into the so-called dark triad of personalities. Two Canadian psychologists coined the term in 2002 to group together Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy: traits linked by callousness, manipulation, and a lack of empathy. Thousands of papers have been published on the topic since then, with 1700 last year alone. “The situation is cause for real concern,” says Josh Miller, a clinical psychologist at the University of Georgia in Athens. Researchers, he says, have focused “on attention-grabbing, provocative work without the necessary interpretative caution.” But dark triad studies are often far too superficial to draw any meaningful conclusions, says Miller, who—with colleagues—has published a strong critique of the field on the preprint server PsyArXiv. It will soon appear in Current Directions in Psychological Science. Read the whole story: Sciencelast_img read more

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The funny bone

first_imgThis weekend, be ready and join Behroopiya Entertainers who are hosting an evening of entertainment and comedy presenting two acts- Madbeth and The NRI girls. Madbeth, is a Physical comedy, one of the most tragic stories told in a unique hilarious manner. Rupesh Tillu will be performing Madbeth at Alliance Francaise on 15 November in association with Behroopiya Entertainers. Madbeth is directed by Rupesh Tillu. The show will be at 6:30pm followed by The NRI girls at 8pm. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Behroopiya Entertainers and Loony Goons in association with Comedy Central, will be presenting, The NRI Girls, an English Standup Comedy show with Sindu V and Vasu Primlani. Sindhu V is a London based Indian stand-up comedian. People have laughed at her all her life. She has now made lemonade with her lemons and performs all over the UK including the Edinburgh Fringe where she featured in 2012 and 2013. She was a finalist in the UK’s Funny women Awards in 2013 and will be judging in the competition this year.  Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixVasu Primlani’s  pioneering stand-up comedy is based on a scintillating look at life through the environment, based on her work in the United States, very strong social commentary, inter personal relationships, seeing India through new eyes (including how George Bush is like her mother), gender politics, and experiences of an immigrant bumping into the culture and the laws of the United States.She is a keen observer of life around her, is often baffled by meaningless events and things.  She constantly questions the notion of ‘normal’, and challenges the male-dominated and heterosexist mindset of society. She is best known for her physical humor and deadpan expressions. She is an award-winning environmentalist. Madbeth on the other hand is about one man, one throne, One crown, one hilariously tragic experience. Amidst thunder and lightning, three witches meet with Beth and Banquo, from there on Beth tries his best to live up to all the prophesies with his imaginary friend Banquo. Together they narrate this murderous tale sincerely. Madbeth is a highly interactive physical comedy inspired by Shakespeare’s classic. Madbeth is a devised theatre piece. It has been played for a wide range of audience in Europe, Israel, West Bank and India. When : 15 November Where : Alliance Francaise, Lodhi Roadlast_img read more

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Fashion extravaganza

first_imgOn the second day of the FDCI, India Couture Week 2016, two eminent fashion designers of the industry, Tarun Tahiliani and Anita Dongre showcased their collection.The theme of Tarun Tahiliani’s latest collection,“The Last Dance of the Courtesan” was a tribute and acknowledgment to the highest bastions of culture, poetry, dance and finesse. The atelier weaves a story where sensuality meets sensibility and mystery unravels itself in surreptitious layers with seductive glory. His couture collection encapsulated the allure of the fabled Indian courtesans, sadly misrepresented in most of Bollywood as “fallen women” – In fact they were the custodians of beauty, fashion, poetry, dance and music.   Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Their ascendant star shone even brighter when in favour with royal patronage bringing the highest light through poetry, dance, song and more.  So the designer chose to use the sheerest fabrics in tulle, sheer silks and light brocades mixed with fine thread work and crystals with contemporary notions of cut – the sleeveless anarkali as jump suit, the corsetted kurta drape, the shararas with tulle and gota, Swarovski crystals encrusted opal sarees, mother of pearl carved blocks with chikankari sarees and draped brocade lehengas, to be paired with shirts and tops. It was the perfect setting, the perfect concept, ethereal, yet real. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixWhereas Anita Dongre’s theme for the evening was, “The Epic Love”. It opened on a free-spirited, lighter note with chintz-inspired printed lehengas that are teamed with Bohemian blouses. The designer’s signature gotapatti work breathed life onto the prints. The classic Indian styles blended seamlessly with contemporary long, column tabards which gave the wearer a beautiful illusion of height. The lean, sleek silhouettes brought modern relevance into bridal couture.  The beauty of this collection lies in its versatility – the Bohemian gypsy tops paired with a printed lehenga just as beautifully as it would go with a pair of silk pants. Fringe-finished sarees with tie-up tops that wrap around the drape added a contemporary twist to the classic saree. Stunning maang-tikas, large nose rings, intricate haath phools, chunky chokers and necklaces ornate the outfits complemented the outfits more aptly.Moving gradually on to a regal palette, jewel-toned solids in rich wine, orange and the classic reds, creams and golds took the center stage. Gotapatti work is seen across the collection – first on the prints and then teamed with thread work. The monotonal ensembles of the collection gave epic love a beautiful end with a promise to brides for beautiful new beginnings.last_img read more

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Son beats up 82yearold father over property transfer arrested

first_imgKolkata: An 82-year-old person in Nadia was beaten up by his elder son at Krishnanagar in Nadia on Saturday night.Police later arrested the accused Gupi Roy on the basis of the complaint filed by his father Baidyanath Roy. Locals took Baidyanath to Shaktinagar hospital where doctors found fracture on a bone of his left hand. Locals alleged that Gupi used to torture Baidyanath since a long time. Eight years ago, he kicked Baidyanath out from his home. Following which Baidyanath was given a place to stay at a local club. He used to work as a daily labour to run his daily life. Local sources informed that eight years ago a fire broke out at their home. It was alleged that the fire caused due by a ‘biri’ which Baidyanath smokes. After a few months, one of his neighbour provided Baidyanath a small hut to stay. As his vision was not clear enough, Baidyanath could not work as a daily labour anymore. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeTo cater to his daily needs, Baidyanath started doing some small time jobs for his neighbours and in return he got money. With that small amount of money, he used to buy his food which he cooked himself. During these years, Gupi and his other sons did not bother to check on their father. Approximately 15 days ago, he returned home. He was given a place in the yard with some sacks where a human cannot leave. On Saturday night, all of a sudden Gupi started beating up his father. Later, he was again kicked out of the house. Locals heard Baidyanath’s screams and recovered him. He was taken to Shaktinagar Hospital and treated. “My elder did not allow me to enter my house. On Saturday, he asked me to transfer the land to his name. When I refused he started beating me,” said Baidyanath.last_img read more

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NRC infiltration corruption major issues in LS polls in WB

first_imgKolkata: In highly politically polarised West Bengal where the ruling TMC has locked horns with the BJP, three issues – National Register of Citizens, the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill and infiltration – have taken centre stage in the election campaign for the Lok Sabha polls. Employment generation, minority appeasement, corruption, TMC’s role in forming the next government at the Centre, the veracity of air strikes at Balakot have also emerged as major issues. BJP president Amit Shah has repeatedly stressed on introduction of NRC across India, specially in West Bengal and implementation of the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill if voted to power again, while TMC supremo and West Bengal Chief minister Mamata Banerjee has promised to oppose it tooth and nail. The NRC got mired in a massive controversy after the names of around 40 lakh people, living in Assam for decades, were omitted from the complete draft that was released in 2018. Banerjee has repeatedly claimed that the NRC and the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, which seeks to weed out illegal migrants from Assam, will turn even bonafide Indian citizens into refugees. Addressing election rallies in the state on Thursday, Shah raked up the infiltration issue, even describing illegal immigrants from Bangladesh as “termites”. “It is our commitment to bring in NRC across the country to chuck out each and every infiltrator. Unlike Mamata Banerjee, we don’t treat infiltrators as our vote bank. For us national security is supreme,” he said. BJP national general secretary and Bengal minder, Kailash Vijayvargiya told PTI, “The issue of corruption, NRC in Bengal, infiltration and restoration of democracy are our major poll planks in the state to defeat the misrule of Mamata Banerjee and the TMC. A careful look will show you how these issues are affecting the masses of the state”. The three issues of NRC, Citizenship (Amendment) Bill and infiltration have found resonance at the grassroot level in the state, which has borne the brunt of large-scale refugee influx and continuous infiltration since Partition. Of the 4,096 km-long Indo-Bangladesh border, 2,216.7 km is in West Bengal. “We are going to the masses with the message how the NRC and Citizenship (Amendment) Bill will affect the people and how the BJP is trying to mislead them on it. We are getting a good response and no one wants to become a refugee,” TMC secretary general Partha Chatterjee told PTI. The BJP, during its poll campaigns, has repeatedly stressed how infiltration is causing a strain on the country’s economy, posing a threat to national security and that TMC is “aiding infiltration” as a part of its “minority appeasement” policies. Referring to the reported communal flare-ups in the state in the last four years, the saffron party has pointed fingers at infiltrators and TMC’s appeasement politics as the major reasons behind it. According to the data released by the Union Ministry of Home Affairs in 2018, West Bengal witnessed 58 incidents of communal violence in 2017. It cited the communal flare-ups at Basirhat in 2017 and Asansol in 2018 as being the recent ones. The minorities, comprising nearly 30 per cent of the electorate, are a deciding factor in nearly 12-14 Lok Sabha seats of the state, that every political party has tried to woo. Parliamentary seats near the Indo-Bangla border such as Raiganj, Coochbehar, Balurghat, Malda North, Malda South, Baharampore, Murshidabad, Jalpaiguri, Joynagar, Basirhat, Bongaon have a very high density of Muslim population. The TMC presently holds a great influence over the minority voters in the state and has been campaigning on how the BJP is trying to target Muslims in the name of NRC. “The BJP is trying to target the Muslims in the state. But we will never allow them to do it,” TMC minister and veteran party leader Firhad Hakim said. BJP state president Dilip Ghosh said the party would take steps against illegal madrasas and not allow any appeasement in the state, if the party is voted to power. The party has also made corruption a major poll plank in the state post Saradha and Rose Valley chit fund scams and the Narada sting operation, which had purportedly shown some TMC leaders accepting bribes. “The TMC is running one of the most corrupt governments. We have never seen such a scale of corruption other than in West Bengal,” Ghosh said. His views were echoed by Surya Kanta Mishra, state secretary of CPI-M, which is at the other end of the political spectrum and a political opponent of the TMC in the state. The TMC has sought to counter the allegations of corruption by stating that the Saradha scam is a “sin” of the erstwhile Left Front regime. It has accused the BJP of indulging in demonetization, which it termed as the “biggest financial scam of independent India” and the alleged scam in the Rafale deal. This is for the first time in the history of the state that minority appeasement, NRC and infiltration have become major poll planks. Since Independence, elections have been fought on the basis of ideologies, policies of the government, restoring rights of the opposition parties, development, industrialization, unemployment and food security. The CPI(M) and the Congress, which are fighting a bitter battle for political survival in the state, are stressing on the issues of employment generation and waiver of farmers loans. The Left party feels that the TMC and the BJP are playing a “fixed match” in West Bengal as both the parties want to polarize elections by projecting themselves as champions of the Muslims and the Hindus respectively.last_img read more

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